- Christine Chomienne,
- Shaun McCann,
- Tony Green,
- Anton Hagenbeek,
- Catherine Lacombe,
- Margarita Guenova,
- Irene Roberts and
- Ineke van der Beek⇑
The introduction of a European Hematology Association theme of the year in June 2012, focusing on Quality of Life (QoL) in hematology was successful in stimulating awareness, conference sessions, publications and reports.1–3 At the 17th Congress of the European Hematology Association in Amsterdam, two sessions were dedicated to the topic: a scientific working group session and a patient advocacy session. Guidelines produced by the Scientific Working Group QoL on “Quality of Life and symptoms on patient reported outcomes in hematology” are now available.3 The Open Window project, an art project for patients in isolation, showed a statistically positive outcome when patient Quality of Life was evaluated.2 These examples highlight the impact Quality of Life is having on our daily practice as well as on our clinical trials and research. The quality of healthcare comes first, but, with evidence-based research on Quality of Life, it becomes undeniably clear how important this part of the process has become for patients. Although each theme of the year is introduced to highlight a certain topic in hematology, the themes should subsequently remain active. Quality of Life, the first theme of the year, will remain on the agenda indefinitely.
The next EHA theme of the year will run from June 2013 to June 2014, and is dedicated to “Age and aging in blood disorders”. The theme should encompass not only the aging of patients with blood disorders but also the concept of the aging of cells, whether hematopoietic or not. Both fields have developed over the past years, and a focus on age and aging in blood disorders appears appropriate for EHA. This next theme of the year may be seen at first as a continuation of the “Quality of Life” theme of the year. Living with a hematologic disorder is difficult at any age, but reports highlight the experience as particularly complex in elderly patients. Multiple facets of the theme will be reported and debated throughout the year. In particular, the definition of “who” is old? Patients may not have the same thresholds as clinicians. It is clear that the standard cut off of 65 years may no longer be appropriate for every blood disorder or treatment.
The action that will be developed during the year will facilitate sharing of information on the complexity of treating patients with other chronic diseases, treating patients in a specific social context (alone, in retirement homes, in difficult financial situations), and patients with different expectations regarding treatment efficacy and Quality of Life. Over the past three years, there has been a steady increase in the number of abstracts at the EHA Annual Congress referring to clinical trials or diseases affecting the elderly, a trend that confirms the interest and concern of hematologists for this group of patients. Interestingly, increased longevity is unfortunately associated with an increased risk of acquiring various blood disorders, whether malignant (myelodysplastic syndromes, myeloma, lymphomas)4–5 or non-malignant (such as anemias due to iron or vitamin deficiencies or susceptibility to blood coagulation disorders). These blood disorders, which appear to increase with age, are related to changes at the DNA or protein levels in various cells or tissues that contribute to the process of aging. Scientists interested in the aging cell have pointed out some common molecular themes, pathways and genes that have emerged as important modulators of aging,6 including the immune system, length of telomeres and cell metabolism.7 Finally, one must also take into account environmental issues with the increased risk of prolonged exposure (indoor or outdoor, including infectious stimuli), combined with toxicities of drugs taken earlier on in life, even for cancers already cured. These environmental issues now spur novel research ventures on epigenetics, transposon activity and overall genomic instability that may become relevant as we live longer. These studies are urgently needed as they will affect a very large number of Europeans. As reported by Eurostat, the statistical service of the European commission, “the impact of demographic ageing within the European Union is likely to become of major significance in the coming decades…with a progressive ageing of the older population. The share of those aged 80 years or above in the EU 27’s population is projected to almost triple between 2011 and 2060”.8
In the next year, EHA will draw attention to developments that involve aging in hematology and will foster further clinical, economic and basic research programs in order to provide better training for the management of older patients with a blood disorder.
Christine Chomienne is Professor of cell biology in Hôpital Saint Louis, Paris, France; president elect of the European Hematology Association, chair of the Communication Committee and member of the Advocacy and Political Affairs Committee of the European Hematology Association. Shaun McCann (Hon.FTCD) is Professor Emeritus of Haematology and Academic Medicine, St James’s Hospital and Trinity College Dublin, Ireland; chair of the European Hematology Association Training on line Unit and member of the Communication Committee of the European Hematology Association. Tony Green is Professor and Head of the University of Cambridge Department of Haematology, Cambridge Institute for Medical Research, UK; Secretary of the European Hematology Association, chair of the European Hematology Association Fellowship and Grants Committee, member of the Scientific Program Committee of the 18th Congress of the European Hematology Association and member of the Communication Committee of the European Hematology Association. Anton Hagenbeek is Professor of hematology in the Academic Medical Center in Amsterdam, member of the European Hematology Association Communication Committee, chairing the press conference at the EHA Annual Congress and is member of the Advocacy and Political Affairs Committee of the European Hematology Association. Catherine Lacombe is Professor of hematology in Hôpital Cohin, Paris, France; former chair of the Governance Committee of the European Hematology Association and member of the Communication Committee of the European Hematology Association. Margarita Guenova is Associate Professor at the National Specialised Hospital for Haematological Diseases in Sofia, Bulgaria; H-Net linker and member of the Communication Committee of the European Hematology Association. Irene Roberts is Professor of Paediatrics Haematology in the Imperial College London, UK; member of the Communication Committee of the European Hematology Association, chair of the EHA Nomination Committee and member of the CME Unit. Ineke van der Beek is communication and press co-ordinator at the European Hematology Association.
Financial and other disclosures provided by the author using the ICMJE (www.icmje.org) Uniform Format for Disclosure of Competing Interests are available with the full text of this paper at www.haematologica.org.
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