- Karen Keeshan1,*,
- Pauline Vieugue'2,
- Shahzya Chaudhury1,
- Loveena Rishi3,
- Coline Gaillard2,
- Lu Liang3,
- Elaine Garcia2,
- Takuro Nakamura4,
- Nader Omidvar5 and
- Scott C. Kogan2
- 1 Paul O' Gorman Leukaemia Research Centre, Institute of Cancer Sciences, University of Glasgow;
- 2 University of California San Francisco, USA;
- 3 Paul O' Gorman Leukaemia Research Centre, Institute of Cancer Sciences, University of Glasgow, UK;
- 4 The Cancer Institute, Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research, Tokyo, Japan;
- 5 Department of Haematology, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, UK
- ↵* Corresponding author; email:
The PML/RARA fusion protein occurs as a result of the t(15;17) translocation in the acute promyelocytic leukaemia subtype of human acute myeloid leukaemia. Gain of chromosome 8 is the most common chromosomal gain in human acute myeloid leukaemia, including acute promyelocytic leukaemia. We previously demonstrated that gain of chromosome 8-containing MYC is of central importance in trisomy 8, but the role of the nearby TRIB1 gene has not been experimentally addressed in this context. We have now tested the hypothesis that both MYC and TRIB1 have functional roles underlying leukaemogenesis of trisomy 8 by using retroviral vectors to express MYC and TRIB1 in wild-type bone marrow and in marrow that expressed a PML/RARA transgene. Interestingly, although MYC and TRIB1 readily cooperated in leukaemogenesis for wild-type bone marrow, TRIB1 provided no selective advantage to cells expressing PML/RARA. We hypothesized that this lack of cooperation between PML/RARA and TRIB1 reflected a common pathway for their effect: both proteins targeting the myeloid transcription factor C/EBPα. In support of this idea, TRIB1 expression abrogated the All Trans-Retinoic Acid response of acute promyelocytic leukaemia cells in vitro and in vivo. Our data delineate the common and redundant inhibitory effects of TRIB1 and PML/RARA on C/EBPα providing a potential explanation for the lack of selection of TRIB1 in human acute promyelocytic leukaemia, and highlighting the key role of C/EBPs in acute promyelocytic leukaemia pathogenesis and therapeutic response. In addition, the cooperativity we observed between MYC and TRIB1 in the absence of PML/RARA show that, outside of acute promyelocytic leukaemia, gain of both genes may drive selection for trisomy 8.
- Received October 27, 2015.
- Accepted June 24, 2016.
- Copyright © 2016, Ferrata Storti Foundation